Some medical words and phrases explained


Cardio pulmonary resuscitation. This is used when a person is unconscious and has no pulse, to try and restart the heart. The chest is pressed up and down. The mouth may be opened, and the rescuer breathes into the persons mouth.

Care plan

A document where a persons’ needs and values are written along with a plan to meet them.


 When one thing causes another thing, for example, a faulty wire causes a fire.  It is often confused with association.


lasting for a long time, possibly forever.

Clinical trials

Clinical trials examine the effects of different medicines, operations, psychological treatments, physiotherapy or other kinds of treatment to find out if they work, how well they work, and what and who they work for. There are many different types of trials, which can be described as ‘fair tests’. Find out more.